ANTIPATER. Antipater the Idumaean: | |Antipater I the Idumaean| (died 43 BC) was the founder of the |Herodian Dynasty| an... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. Murder is the legally unjustified killing of one person by another. 47, Julius Caesar made Antipater, a “wily Idumaean,” procurator of Judea, who divided his territories between his 4 sons, Galilee falling to the lot of Herod, who was afterwards appointed tetrarch of Judea by Mark Antony (B.C. See also Herod I. and Hyrcanus II. the IDUMAEAN. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. Antipater the Idumaean (died 43 BC), father of Herod the Great; Antipater (son of Herod I) (46–4 BC), son of Herod the Great Antipater, son of Salome, Herod the Great's sister Poss. Poss. d. Juden, 2d ed., iii. He therefore tried his utmost to dethrone Aristobulus, and to restore the weak Hyrcanus II., who would be an easy tool … The dispute was referred to Rome, and decision was given against Aristobulus. [2] Contents. Personal details. In the midst of his activity and rising success Antipater was poisoned (43 B.C. HM George I's 44-Great Grandfather. (Julius Africanus, "Epistola ad Aristidem," v.; Migne, "Patrologie," x. xiv. E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: Antipater I the Idumaean, an Edomite whose ancestors converted to Judaism, produces a son named Herod. When his personal interests did not conflict with those of the Jews the crafty Idumean was of great service to them. would not retain him in his position. Antipater the Idumaean (1 jul 114 año aC – 1 mar 43 año aC) Descripción: Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. His proconsul arranged "all affairs of Jerusalem according to the will of Antipater," a phrase which seems to indicate that Antipater was made the tax-collector of the Jewish realm. Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Antipater then took Hyrcanus with him to Aretas, who forthwith proceeded with a large army against Aristobulus, and defeated him. 134, 137, 149, 155; Schürer, Gesch. 1, § 3; 2, § 1; 2, § 3; 3, § 2; 8, §§ 1-5; 9, § 2; 11, § 4; for other references see Niese's edition, index; Ewald, History of Israel, v. 396-398, 403, 407, 448; Grätz, Gesch. Hyrcanus at first refused credence to Antipater, but finally allowed himself to be gained over. was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. xxiii. Born: ? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Antipater I the Idumaean [lower-alpha 1] (born 113 or 114 BCE, [1] died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas [lower-alpha 2] and had formerly held that name. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antipater-Idumaean-governor-of-Judaea, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Antipater. It is this son, later known as Herod the Great, who would ultimately begin a ruling dynasty that would last more than 125 years. ; and, what was of still greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus was made ethnarch instead of Antigonus, son of Aristobulus II. Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History (1975) lists Antipater I's father as Herodes b c148 BCE. HM George I's 44-Great Grandfather. Antipas was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. Antipater the Idumaean was born at birth place, to Antipas I of Judea and Judea. His father, Antipater the Idumaean, was the close advisor of the Hasmonean king Hyrcanus II, and his mother Cypros was a Nabatean princess. Background; At the Hasmonean court; Roman procurator and appointments of sons; Assassination and legacy Around 72 B.C. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. 0 The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. Antipater (fl. the Great was Idumaean. Antipatris (1 Occurrence) Easton's Bible Dictionary A city built by Herod the Great, and called by this name in honour of his father, Antipater. On the death of his father, there followed a turbulent period of in-fighting involving his brother and various Roman factions. Antipater the IdumaeanAntipater the Idumaean. 8), but calls him a Philistine, a member of a race which owes its existence to unchastity (Gen. R. xxxvii. Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Unfortunately, a serious disagreement between the two led to a once trusted commander being … Eventually, Cassander would take control of Macedon and before his own death in 297 BCE would execute not only Alexander’s wife Roxa… 9 likes. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. He was the father of Herod the Great, whose family thus was Idumaean in origin. 40), and also king of Judea … H erod was the son of King Antipater II of Judea (an Idumaean) and Queen Cypros, an Arabian (Nabataean) of noble descent. Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father as governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that King Aristobulus II. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Phasael was the elder brother of Herod. ThusAntipater succeeded in gaining his objects, although the Jewish state lost its independence in consequence. He was as energetic in his services to Cassius as formerly to Cæsar, and was most prompt in delivering the 700 talents which the Jews had to contribute for Cassius' army. 5), and then seeks to reconcile its statement with actual fact. The Jewish origin of this legend is attested by Justin Martyr ("Dialogus cum Tryphone," lii. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. i. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. Antipater, (died 43 bc), Idumaean founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Idumaea was included in Arabia Petraea. Herod's father was by descent an Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew. Entirely ignoring Hyrcanus, he appointed his own sons, Phasael and Herod, governors of Jerusalem and of Galilee respectively. Thus, after the battle of Pharsalia (Aug. 9, 48 B.C. Antipater was the real power behind the throne of John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan) (63-40BC). ), while feasting with Hyrcanus, by the hireling of a certain Malich, who, like Antipater, was aspiring to an influential position in Judea. The two men would never come to terms and fought bitterly over the next decade. Antipater the Idumaean. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Omissions? Alternative Father of Possible Children: Antipater (Governor) of … Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. Antipater, however, retained his position of influence even after Hyrcanus was stripped of all political power by Gabinius (57 B.C.). According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. Antipater had great influence in Israel and Judea during the period of Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. Born: ? Josephus, Ant. Antipater gained power in Judaea by making himself useful to the Romans. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. 233 et seq., 278 et seq., 282-285. Hyrcanus needed a crafty and skilful counselor at his side, such as Antipater, to meet the difficulties of party opposition from within and of Roman greed from without. He acquired great influence because of his father's position. Antipater of Thessalonica: Antipater of Thessalonica (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος) was the author of over a hundred epigrams in the Greek Anthology. Died: abt. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Systems of Transliteration Citation of Proper Names. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Unfortunately, Cassander was not named the heir. Died: abt. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although his father worshipped Jewish gods, he was not technically a Jew. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. Poss. Notes about Antipater II 'the Idumaean' Procurator (Antipater II 'the Idumaean') Procurator Antipater the Idumaean From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He therefore tried his utmost to dethrone Aristobulus, and to restore the weak Hyrcanus II., who would be an easy tool in his hands, to the throne which was rightfully his. That this account is fabulous is shown by the manner in which the narrative endeavors to prove the Idumean origin of Herod. Antipater was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. Antipater Military Person, Deceased Person, Person. 76 BC. Antipater the Idumaean: Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Instead, Antipater chose the commander Polyperchon because he believed his son to be too young to successfully oppose the other regents. 76 BC. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern… Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. As long as Cæsar lived he remained his partizan, foreseeing the ultimate victory of the great general; but after his assassination, Antipater sided with Cassius because the latter had seized Syria, and Judea could not have stood against him. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. No good, however, came to Judea by his death, for the power of the Idumean house was not annihilated thereby, and his sons, particularly Herod, carried on the work of the destruction of Judea. Antipater I the Idumaean (Biblical Edom) (died 43 BC), was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty. According to this writer, Idumean robbers attacked Ascalon, and plundered a shrine of Apollo, taking with them the son of the temple-attendant Herod, because he was too poor to redeem his son Antipater. Antipater (c. 397–319 BC), Macedonian general; Antipater II of Macedon, king of Macedon from 297 to 294 BC; Antipater Etesias (died 279 BC), king of Macedon; Antipater of Derbe; Herodians. Both Phasael and Herod began their careers under their father, Antipater, who was appointed procurator of Judea for the Roman Republic by Julius Caesar. The legend refuses to regard him even as a half-Jew (Deut. Antipater the Idumaean, also known as Antipas, as was his father and his grandson Herod Antipas, was the founder of the Herodean dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Alternative Father of Possible Children: Antipater (Governor) of … The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. Antipater, who felt no attachment for Judaism or the Jewish state, and who stood ready to sacrifice their interests in order to serve his own ends, had made previous arrangements with Aretas, an Arabian chief, to give his help to Hyrcanus in return for a large sum of money and possession of twelve cities, which had been conquered from the Arabians by the Hasmoneans after long and hard fighting. In the year B.C. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. His father Antipater the Idumaean made him governor of Galilee in 47 BCE. This son was also named Antipater and it was he who was the father of Herod the Great. In 40 BCE the Parthians attacked both Syria and Palestine, taking Jerusalem in the process. In return for Antipater’s support, Caesar appointed him procurator of Judaea in 47 bc. Antipater was thus brought up as an Idumean and later won the friendship of Hyrcanus II. A fragment of a legend concerning the life of Antipater has, however, been preserved by Julius Africanus. His successors in the first years after his death recognized him officially as a divinity, except Antipater (Suidas, s.v. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. Although Antipater was assassinated by a political rival four years later, his son, Herod I the Great, was later made king of Judaea by the Romans. Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. His son Cassander, as always, remained at his side. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. c.65 B.C..... Click the link for more information. Antipater I the Idumaean was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Judah Maccabee’s nephew Hyrcanus I actually forcibly converted the inhabitants of Idumaea to Judaism in the 2nd century BC. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Antipater was likewise the name of various eminent men in ancient times – physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, mathematicians, and grammarians.” From The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. Antipater was one of the sons of a Macedonian nobleman called Iollas or Iolaus and his... Antipater the Idumaean He also became an advisor to the Maccabean Queen Alexandra Salome. Cæsar rewarded Antipater by appointing him governor (ἐπίτροπος) of Judea in the year 47 B.C. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. Herod’s brother was taken captive, and he committed suicide shortly after. During the subsequent struggle between Cæsar and the Pompeians, Antipater exhibited great statesmanship in steering little Judea skilfully through the troublous times. Herod was a client king (or close ally) of Rome, but his route to the throne was not a straightforward one. Antipater was likewise the name of various eminent men in ancient times – physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, mathematicians, and grammarians.” From The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon. Antipater died in 319 BCE at the age of 80. The Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship. Updates? About Antipas I, Governor of Idumaea He was not the son of Jason Maccabee or grandson of Elazar Maccabeus. E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: the IDUMAEAN. Antipater (c. 399-319 BCE) was a Macedonian statesman and loyal lieutenant of both Alexander the Great and his father Philip II of Macedon.As a regent in Alexander's absence, Antipater subdued rebellions and mollified uprisings, proving his unwavering loyalty for more than a decade. Herod was born around 73 B.C. 59). The non-Jewish origin of the Herodians is also demonstrated by the Mishnah Soṭah, iv., at end. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of * Herod . ), who characterizes this statement of Herod's origin from Ascalon as Jewish. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander's Empire. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I). The struggle for the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his very own family members. Herod's father was by descent an Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew. In the year B.C. Poss. Hellenistic leaders. The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. With this view Antipater tried to persuade Hyrcanus, who was not only of a peaceful and kindly disposition but altogether free from suspicion, that his brother was plotting his death in order to secure himself upon the throne. Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. So much was this the case that the hatred of the Jews concentrated itself mainly against the son, and legend has little to say of the actual founder of the Herodian dynasty. Antipater of Cyrene: Antipater … Antipater the Idumaean (1 jul 114 año aC – 1 mar 43 año aC) Descripción: Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. The struggle for the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his very own family members. Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father as governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that King Aristobulus II. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. would not retain him in his position. Corrections? The remnant of independence which Pompey had allowed to Judea, whose nominal king was now Hyrcanus II., proved of great advantage to Antipater, as he now held Hyrcanus completely under his control. His father Antipater, a Jew of Idumaean (Id-oo me-an) descent, attained a position of great influence in Judaea after the Roman conquest and was appointed procurator of Judaea by Julius Caesar in 47 BC. Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Although his father worshipped Jewish gods, he was not technically a Jew. 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