Diesel Locomotive Rosters, The Railroad Magazine, Wayner Publications: Chessie System Employees Timetable No. Mountains in Pennsylvania made construction in the western part of the state expensive and technically challenging, and the Pennsylvania Railroad, linking Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, did not open its full length until 1852, and there was no rail link west from Pittsburgh to Ohio for several more years. Most of the stone bridges on the Old Main Line did not last long, being washed out by the periodic flooding of the Patapsco River and replaced at first by Bollman Truss bridges. The Georgetown Branch ran from a junction on the Metropolitan Branch north of the Silver Spring, Maryland, station to the Georgetown area of Washington, D.C. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baltimore_and_Ohio_Railroad&oldid=1007817705, Former Class I railroads in the United States, Standard gauge railways in the United States, Railroads in the Chicago Switching District, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sandusky, Mansfield and Newark Railroad leased through the Central Ohio in 1869. The connection to the Winchester and Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry opened in 1837, then the line to Martinsburg in May 1842; Hancock in June 1842; Cumberland on November 5, 1842; Piedmont on July 21, 1851, and Fairmont on June 22, 1852. "[53], Rail system in the United States of America, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad system map, circa 1961. The railroad did not reach Ohio (the river) until 1852, 24 years after the project started. It includes the oldest operational railroad bridge in the United States. Built in 1856 by the Mason Machine Works), (Built by B&O shop forces in Mount Clare in 1836), , by B&O shop forces in Mount Clare. On Christmas Eve 1852, the B&O line was completed between Baltimore and the Ohio River near Moundsville, West Virginia.[19]. Before the decade of the 1830s ended, the B&O built a 5.5-mile-long (8.9 km) alternate route that became known as the Mount Airy Loop. Railroad men in South Carolina had earlier commissioned a steam locomotive from a New York foundry (which would reach 25 miles per hour and became the first passenger service by locomotive), while the B&O was still experimenting with horse power and sails. A replica was built in 1836 as #7, the, . By crossing the Appalachian Mountains, a technical challenge, it would link the new and booming territories of what at the time was the West—Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and so on—with the east coast rail and boat network, from Maryland northward. Part of the B&O Railroad's immortality has come from being one of the four featured railroads on the U.S. version of the board game Monopoly; it is the only railroad on the board that did not directly serve Atlantic City, New Jersey. A few trips on the B&O from 1969 and 1970. Eight days of lineups at Willard, Ohio from August 1969 Built by Electro-Motive in 1967), Canton Railroad VO-1000 #30 (Built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1944), Central Railroad Of New Jersey boxcab switcher #1000 (Built by the American Locomotive Company/Ingersoll-Rand in 1925), MARC Train F7A (Cab-control car/non-powered) #7100 (Originally built as B&O F7A #293-A in 1951), Octoraro Railway S2 #3 (Originally built by Alco for the B&O as #519 in 1948), Pere Marquette SW1 #11 (Built by Electro-Motive in 1942), Western Maryland RS3 #193 (Built by Alco in 1953), Western Maryland BL2 #81 (Built by Electro-Motive in 1948), Western Maryland slug #138-T (Originally built by Alco as Western Maryland S1 #102. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's sole class V-2 4-6-4 steam locomotive, No. If you’re a train aficionado—or have a kid who’s all about the choo-choo—get yourself on track to visit the B&O Museum, which has the largest collection of 19th century locomotives in the country. Amtrak operates the daily Capitol Limited train between Washington, DC and Chicago along this branch; MTA Maryland operates weekday commuter rail service between Washington, DC and Martinsburg, WV. However, undaunted, staff planned to rebuild the roof and restore as much historic equipment as possible. 1832 Service begins to Point of Rocks, Md. The photos are divided between exiting action scenes and portraits, making the book appealing to B&O fans of all types and to modelers. The Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad to Annapolis connected to this line at Annapolis Junction in 1840. ), Greenbrier, Cheat & Elk Railroad 80-ton, three-truck Shay #1 (Built by Lima in 1905), Potomac Electric Power 35-ton 0-4-0F (Fireless) Heisler #1 (Built by the Heisler Locomotive Works in 1938), Reading Railroad Class T-1 4-8-4 #2101 (Built in 1923 by Baldwin as a 2-8-0, rebuilt by the Reading in 1945 as a 4-8-4), St. Elizabeth Hospital 0-4-0T #4 (Operational. ... Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Pacific Steam Locomotive Vintage 1955 Colour Card. Starting in 1825, the Erie Canal provided an animal-powered water facility connecting New York City with Ohio via Lake Erie. An impressive demonstration occurred on May 1, 1844, when news of the Whig Party's nomination of Henry Clay for U.S. president was telegraphed from the party's convention in Baltimore to the Capitol Building in Washington. Prominent raids on the B&O railroad during this period were: The second half of the Civil War was characterized by near continuous raiding, which severely hampered the Union defense of Washington, D.C. Union forces and leaders often failed to properly secure the region, despite the B&O's vital importance to the Union cause. Unsure exactly which materials would suffice, the B&O erred on the side of sturdiness and built many of its early structures of granite. [9], In 1895 the B&O introduced electric locomotives over 3.75 mi (6.04 km) of line near Camden, initially using an overhead electric slot system.[48]. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource). New Listing Vintage HO scale Bachmann Steam Locomotive & tender "BALTIMORE & OHIO" 2-8-2. 4. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad No. West Virginia and Pittsburgh Railroad from 1890, Columbus and Cincinnati Midland Railroad leased through the Central Ohio in 1890, Cleveland, Lorain and Wheeling Railroad from 1909, Chicago Terminal Transfer Company, reorganized in 1910 as the, Salisbury Railroad near Pittsburgh, operated from 1912, This page was last edited on 20 February 2021, at 02:25. "[1][2] Their answer was to build a railroad—one of the first commercial lines in the world.[3]. The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). When construction began on the B&O in the 1820s, railroad engineering was in its infancy. Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource in the study of steam locomotives. Chapter 123 of the 1826 Session Laws of Maryland, Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, Jackson's operations against the B&O Railroad (1861), Baltimore and Ohio Chicago Terminal Railroad, Cincinnati, Indianapolis and Western Railroad, Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railway, Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinsburg Shops, "December 24, 1852: B&O Railroad completed near Moundsville", "Evergreen House and the Garrett Family: A Railroad Fortune", "John W. Garrett, President, B & O Railroad. It reached the Ohio River at Moundsville, Virginia (1852), Wheeling (1853), where it built a terminus, and a few years later (1857) also to Parkersburg, Virginia, below rapids which made navigation difficult during parts of the year. Diesel - HO is the most popular of the 6 baltimore & ohio model train locomotives categories, then Steam - HO, and Diesel - N. Bachmann is ranked #1 out of 9 baltimore & ohio model train locomotives manufacturers, followed by Broadway Limited Imports, and Intermountain Railway Company. [28] Furthermore, the Pennsylvania Railroad and other investors sought permission to construct rail lines which threatened the B&O's monopolies on the Washington Branch (between Relay and Washington DC) and westward through Cumberland, Maryland. Originally intended as an extension of the railroad to a crossing of the Potomac River near the Chain Bridge, the agreement between the Pennsylvania Railroad and the B&O resulting from the rerouting of track for the Washington Union Station project put an end to the crossing, and the branch settled down to being just a country railroad until the Washington, D.C., suburbs grew around it (Silver Spring, Chevy Chase, and Bethesda). Seller 100% positive. The narrow strip of available land along the Potomac River from Point of Rocks to Harpers Ferry caused years of legal battles between the B&O and the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Canal, as both sought to exclude the other from its use. It was not only situated along the railroad's Baltimore/Washington, D.C.-St. Louis main line but also serviced locomotives bound for numerous coal mines in the region such as Fairmont, Weston, Pickens, Burnsville, and other small communities. This diesel engine was a Class FB-2, built by Baldwin Locomotive Works, and was called a “shark nose.” Its durability and ease of assembly aided faster railroad construction. 3 bids +$5.20 shipping. A replica was built in 1836 as #7, the Andrew Jackson. On April 19, 1960, the railroad retired its last steam locomotive. Thus, while the B&O reached Wheeling in 1853, political compromises meant the B&O would only reach Grafton to connect to Parkersburg on the Ohio River through a connection with the Northwestern Virginia Railroad which was completed in 1857. Clare roundhouse, to the museum, while selling the rest of the property. Class: Wheel Arr. The line cut a more or less straight line from Washington to Point of Rocks, Maryland, with many grades and large bridges. Cromwell (Built by B&O shop forces in Mount Clare in 1888) Baltimore & Ohio 0-8-0 #57, the Memnon (Built in 1848 by the Newcastle Manufacturing Company. Built by Electro-Motive in 1953), Baltimore & Ohio GP40 #3684 (Operational. The projected route, passing through what is now Bowie, Maryland, could have a "branch" constructed that would allow service into Washington. Rule Books, Freight Schedules, and miscellaneous items. The B&O had no tunnel rights, and its New York City market trains actually terminated at the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Jersey City. A highly recommended database! ), Chesapeake & Ohio battery-powered yard switcher #X-5000 nicknamed Dinky (Built by General Electric in 1918. As a result of poor national economic conditions in the mid-1870s following the Panic of 1873, the B&O attempted to reduce its workers' wages. By this time, however, strap rail was no longer used for new construction. $8.27. The strike spread to Cumberland, and when Maryland Governor John Lee Carroll attempted to put down the strike by sending the state militia from Baltimore, riots broke out resulting in 11 deaths, the burning of parts of Camden station, and damage to several engines and cars. Half of this stock was reserved for the Maryland state government and the municipal government of Baltimore, which invested $1,000,000 and $500,000, respectively, in the new company. The B&O was America's first chartered rail common carrier, dating from February 28, 1827. Sending them via railroad to the Ohio River, and then by riverboat to Louisiana and Mississippi, was much faster and cheaper, and helped the dealers grow their businesses. On the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, locomotives were always considered of great importance, and the railroad was involved in many experiments and innovations. After nearly  two years of work, it reopened in November of 2004. It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country. [33] On June 20, 1861, Jackson's Confederates seized Martinsburg, a major B&O work center, having had blown up the Harpers Ferry railroad bridge on June 14. Baltimore & Ohio Class P-7 4-6-2 "Pacific" #5300, The, A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. Around twenty-two thousand people—a quarter of the city's population—bought the remaining private equity. Perfect for gifts to anyone interested in railroading, present or past. In 1853, after being nominated by large shareholder and director Johns Hopkins, John W. Garrett became president of the B&O, a position he would hold until his death in 1884. The Western Maryland was merged into the B&O in 1976. SCL Industries was renamed the Seaboard System Railroad (SBD) in 1983, the same year that the Western Maryland Railway was completely absorbed into the B&O. Two other lines were built in attempts to reconnect to the south. The B&O became crucial to the Federal government during the Civil War, being the main rail connection between Washington, D.C., and the northern states, especially west of the Appalachian mountains. The B&O had to skirt the corner of Pennsylvania as the state would only allow the Pennsylvania Railroad to build in the state, although it never built in that corner that the B&O could not use. It was built strictly as a demonstrator, but it was succeeded by a series of similar locomotives (the "Grasshoppers" and the "Crabs") designed by Ross Winans, the first head of motive power on the railroad. Built by Electro-Motive in 1964), Baltimore & Ohio 70-ton switcher #50 (Built by General Electric in 1950), Baltimore & Ohio Rail Diesel Car #9913 (Built by the Budd Company in 1953), Baltimore & Ohio Rail Diesel Car #1961 (Built by the Budd Company in 1956), Baltimore & Ohio GP7 #6405 (Operational. The state of Maryland had stayed true to its implicit promise not to grant competing charters for the Baltimore/Washington line, but when a charter was granted in 1860 to build a line from Baltimore to Pope's Creek in southern Maryland, lawyers for the Pennsylvania RR picked up on a clause in the unfulfilled charter allowing branches up to 20 miles (32 km) long, from any point and in any direction. By crossing the Appalachian Mountains, a technical challenge, it would link the new and booming territories of what at the time was the West—Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and so on—with the east coast rail and boat network, from Maryland northward. Baltimore and Ohio 1454, one of two EMD E8A s, is crossing the trestle at Harpers Ferry, WV with Train #11, the westbound Metropolitan Special on March 39, 1964. Their plans worked well, despite many political problems from canal backers and other railroads. During the 1880s the B&O had organised a group of bankrupt railroads in Virginia into the Virginia Midland Railroad. The railroad decided to construct two inclined planes on each side of the ridge along which teams of horses, and perhaps steam-powered winches, would assist pulling the trains uphill. Today the museum is going as strong as ever and besides the historic equipment you can see which is located throughout the property; there are train rides for the kids (it currently includes a small, operating steam locomotive and an early B&O diesel locomotive), facility rentals, and lots of gifts and memorabilia at their gift shop or online store. ), Baltimore & Ohio Class Q-3 2-8-2 "Mikado" #4500 (Built by Baldwin in 1918), Baltimore & Ohio Class P-7 4-6-2 "Pacific" #5300, The President Washington (Built by Baldwin in 1927), Camden & Amboy 0-4-0, Stourbridge Lion (Replica, on loan from Smithsonian), Central Railroad Of New Jersey 4-4-2 "Atlantic Camelback" #592 (Built by the American Locomotive Company in 1901), Chesapeake & Ohio Class K-4 2-8-4 "Kanawha" #2705 (Built by the American Locomotive Company in 1943), Chesapeake & Ohio Class F-11 4-6-0 #377 (Originally built in 1902 for the Cincinnati, Richmond & Muncie Railroad), Chesapeake & Ohio Class L-1 4-6-4 #490 (Originally built as a Class F-19 4-6-2 "Pacific" in 1926 by Alco. 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